Belligerent Aircraft Landings in Ireland 1939 - 1945Updated 20th October, 2007 - Updated lists of those who have contacted me and helped out and corrected typos.
On my listing, I have 180 incidents involving crashes and forced landings of aircraft over Ireland and the surrounding seas in the 1939 to 1945 period. This subject has seen a number of books written on it and these have been the basis of much of the information listed below. The information concerns as I have said, landings on or around the territory of the 26 counties during the period 1939 to 1945. I have listed my sources against each aircraft both to show my sources and as a reading aid for others. Where possible, I have pointed out errors in those sources where I have been able to determine such errors. Most if not all these incidents have been researched in some depth by a number of researchers and this site SHOULD NOT be taken as a sustitute to these works. Treat this only as a reference only, I can advise you where to clarify the data. I don't plan to include on this site the stories of the crashes. A vast majority of the listed sources contain that information, and future publications will, no doubt fill in more of the gaps in the knowledge.
It is worth noting that the Irish Military Archives in Cathal Brugha Barracks in Dublin has files concerning about 165 aircraft. My list contains just over 200, what makes up the balance you may ask? I have included in this list some entries which I beleive account for errors in other sources, for example where I or another author have incorrectly associated a date with the loss of an aircraft. Another type of entry are those that were not recorded by the Irish Military Authorities because they were to far off shore or have been recorded incorrectly as being in Ireland. These I have indicated in the 'Notes/Sources' field.
Note also for a moment the column showing the numbers of those killed in some of these incidents. I will update this information as I get it. Spare a thought for the memories of these young British, German, American, Polish, Canadian, New Zealander, Norwegian and others, whose lives were lost on or around the Island during this time. While the remains of most of those British airmen whom lost their lives in Ireland were returned to their home authorities and are buried in the UK where they came from or in Northern Ireland, the remains of German airmen were interred locally near the crash sites. After the wars end, their remains were moved and interred in Glencree War Cemetry in Wicklow. A small number of Allied air crew are buried in the Republic of Ireland however and these should be mentioned in the text. Those airmen from Canada, Australia, Poland and elsewhere that died would not be returned to their home countries due to the difficulties of transport and they lie in cemeteries across Northern Ireland and in the United Kingdom. As noted on the sheet itself, the totals I have come to on the list are generated from a spreadsheet and due to the reasons above do not accuratly reflect the actual number of airmen / passengers involved in what might be considered as 'Crashes and Emergency Landings of aircraft of the Belligerent Nations in World War Two'. Further more, of those who survived their visits to Ireland, almost 60 more of these men would loose their lives subsequently in training or operational roles during the war. The term 'Belligerent' is used due to its being the term used during the Emergency by the Irish authorities to denote personnel, aircraft and ships belonging to the nations engaged in the war.
In reading the 'Pilot/Crew/Pax' Column of the list the following notes are to be taken into account.
Where a airman or passenger was killed in the incident in Ireland, that person's name is marked with the symbol '+' to indicate their death.
For German aircraft, it is taken that all crew members were German.
For American Aircraft, all members are taken to be American but there are one or two ocasions where British or Commonwealth airmen were on board or there were passengers on the aircraft in question. Where this occurs, a note such as 'RAF' or the persons nationality will be noted.
For British aircraft, i.e. those listed as RAF, FAA and BOAC, it is to be assumed that all persons are British unless they are members of a Commonwealth armed forces. In this latter case, the abbreviation for that force will appear after the persons name, i.e. RAAF, RNZAF, RCAF. In other case's, the airmen may have been a member of the forces of the occupied nations, in which case this will be noted as PolAF, RNAF etc. Finally, if the airman is a civilian, the nationality will be stated where known. The question of nationality of British and Commonwealth personel however is a tricky one and might be a subject in itself!
In addition to the above notes, the 'Pilot/Crew/Pax' column contains the following information also where I have been able to determine it.
- DIS - Where an airman died in war time subsequent to the incident listed in Ireland. They may not have died 'in action' but did not survive the war. The letters DIS are to signify that they 'Died in Service'. The more normal means of identifying such casualties would be KIA, Killed in Action or KIFA, Killed in Flying accident or the American term DNB, Died Non Battle.
- POW - Where an airman became a Prisoner of War of one of the belligerent nations. As all German survivors were interned by the Irish authorities this refers to Allied airmen only.
- (Int) - Indicates that the airman was Interned by the Irish authorities.
- (Esc) - A few examples of where interned airmen escaped from the Irish authorities.
- (Civ) - Where the person was a civilan, mainly in the case of airmen on the RAF Ferry operations across the Atlantic or Air Transport Auxilliary.
- Other notes should be self explanatory I hope.
I hope that the notes above explain some of the ramblings of my list.
Regards, Dennis Burke - July 2008
CONTACT ME: firstname.lastname@example.org (Note that my address contains an 'underscore' _, not a 'dash' -.
Or Write to me at:
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The following is a brief explanation of the status of wreckage from the crash sites of some the aircraft listed on this site. This clarification was sought by myself from the National Museum of Ireland.
"Objects from such sites are considered archaeological objects under the National Monuments Acts 1930 to 2004, and a licence to export an archaeological object would be required in order to remove any objects from the site. Export licences are issued by the National Museum of Ireland, and removal of any material without a licence is an offence."
YOu can read the act and it's history at the Irish Government Statute website: NMA 2004 . The site home page is ww.irishstatutebook.ie
The Museum website is www.museum.ie .
Also, the Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, archaeology section have an input into the sites themselve. Website: www.environ.ie .
That said, there is very little left at such sites and where it does exist it is at high ground sites. Bear in mind that in some of these crashes young men lost their lives and as such, such debris is a reminder of these men. Taking a small part away from the site, while small, all the 'small' parts eventually end up with all traces of the aircraft being lost. I do also find it sad that such debris be left at such sites and it will eventually rot away and disappear. In the past however, people have recovered items from such sites and these parts have in turn disapeared. Please think twice about removed any items, however small from a site if you visit. Unless you plan to display it in a meaningful fashion, might it end up discarded in yoru next clear out. Thanks for your consideration. May 2008
- A big thank you to all of those who have helped me, your name may not appear here, but there are so many individuals I have to trawl through my correspondances.
- Richard Kukura, RAAF Veteran, and Stephanie Kukura for sharing his experiences with us on the JL710 incident.
- Charles C Dold, who was kind enough to speak to me in September 2007.
- John Barthram, Met officer from Halifax LL145 for his memories of the landing of this aircraft.
- Eddie Martin from 435th TCG and his grandson Donald Lear for contacting me, 2007.
- Heather Lawes , daughter of Allan S Laews from Halifax LL145
- Donald Travers and his sisters Glennis and Jean for their wonderful letters. Many many thanks.
- Sue Poune, wife of Jack Poune, for your wonderful help.
- Mike Brown, relation of Jack Musk for your information received.
- Robert 'Bob' Wright for details of his father Robert Wright.
- Richard Morton and his mother for kindly giving me details of of their father Clarence Clarry Morton.
- Bob Smith, USAAF Veteran In Washinton, thanks for contacting all us mad Irish people, Jan. 2006. Bob was a memeber of the crew of B-17 42-31420 on December 17th, 1943
- Eric 'Winkle' M. Brown, the pilot who flew the Ju-88 out of Gormastown in 1945, thanks for yoru help with the crew on this operation.
- The Keen, Rothwell and Kukura families for their assistance and help with their relatives from the Beaufighter JL710.
- Margarate Mills, wife of Fl/Lt. John M. Crabb KIA. Thank you for your very kind letter and the superb help you gave me.
- Roger Corry, son of the late Brian Corry, for advising the contents of his fathers flight log, was great assistance.
- Evan More - The son of of P/O Alexander More from Hudson FH376. Thank you for your kind reply and information.
- Jim Anderson, the son of James Anderson DFC & bar on Liberator AL577, March 1942.
- Michael Farmer - Thanks for your understanding and reply with regard to your uncle Pryce Owens.
- Vic Rogers - Thank you for your recolllections of the aftermath of the the death of your friend Ronald Carr on Anson DJ639.
- Dan Westerlin - May 2005, data on Badger Beauty incident, on which his father flew.
- Peggy Tees - April 2007, for contacting me regarding yoru father Roswell Frank Tees.
- Valerie Jones - April 2007, for following up with me about your father Charles R Laing.
- Peter Clare - Sept 2005, data on LV341 on which his father flew.
- Ann Twomey Bell for contacting me about your father Denis and the great lock in of 1944!
- Gerald O'Brien and Pat Joe McCarthy for your memories of thee arrival of G for George in Skibbereen.
- Patrick J. Cummins - Correspondances, 2005 onwards. Patrick, I have to re-iterate, your help and interest has been overwhelming.(March 2006) Many, many thanks for sharing your vast knowledge with an unknown person! Especially your information on German Aircraft.
- Martin Gleeson - Contacts 2005 onwards, for various assistance made and kind words! And for putting up with the requests and intrusions! Your help has been great and helped to make the site what it is.
- Joe O'Loughlin - E-mails 11/2004 re: Coastal Command Crashes, various corrections and encouragement! Many thanks for the interest!
- Antoin Daltun, John Gregory, George Kernahan and Vic Smith (Air Britain) - Spring 2004 Their efforts enlightened me regards Lockheed 12 of July 1945
- John Gregory, Lee Howard, John Whiters for various contributions.
- The posters on Ross McNeill's RAF Commands Forum, whether they know or not!
- The posters on Air Britain Exchange (AB-IX)
- The Staff of the Irish Military Archives, in Cahal Brugha Barracks Dublin, for letting me veiw the crash files and for putting up with an amature.
- Gerard O'Regan - For assistance with Southern Crashes
- Tony Kearns - For giving the push to do all this, although you didn't know it!
- John Patterson and Nigel - Spring 2004 - Their fantastic job at tracking down the history of Beaufighter JL710.
- Sue Mintram-Mason and John Reid from the Stirling Bomber Project with LJ934.
- Frank Mason - For valuable assistance with 'Travellin' Trolope' and with tracking down the WRGI.
- Declan Quaile - E-mail 27/11/2001 re: Crahes Termonfeckin
- Dave Williams - Email 14/11 & 17/11/2001 Re: Spitfires in Irelands
- Mike Coughlan - E-mail Feb. 2002 Re: Formatting of site all off! Thanks
- Pat McHugh - 2001 Re: Air Corps Data
- Ken and Jan Godfrey - Summer 2005, Data regarding 25 BG and RAF Watton, Courtesy of Julian Horn
- Bill Rawlings - August 2006, for excellent assistance with Canadian records in the DHH, Thanks Bill
- Brian Booth - August 2006, for 1402 Flight and LK704 assistance.
- J. A. (Bill) Saavedra and the folks at the US AFHSO - For your various assistance with USAAF aircraft.
- Edouard Reniere - for always responding in detail to USAAF queries!
- Stuart Harper - For sharing your information regarding the G-AGES crash.
- Jim Davies - at the BA Museum - Thank you for your BOAC assistance.
- Valerie Jones for contacting me regarding her father Charles Laing who had mailed me in 2002 prior to his death.
- Sharon Sherwood for helping me with regard to John Thackeray.
- Wayne Reece - For assistance with 92nd Bomb Group names.
- Charles Merlo, Veteran 97th BomB Group, USAAF - For assistance with 97th Names.
- Beryl Fretwell - for assistance with P. Owens search.
- To Richard Koval and Errol Martyn for help and corrections for Canadian and New Zealand airmen.
- Geoff Ward at the 96th Bomb Group Association.
- Ian Woodford for contacting me about his Mothers uncle Albert Bert James. This prompted contact with John Swaby, H. Taberner and David and Pat Clayton. Thank you for all your fantastic help in April 2007 in Moville. Thanks to the Harrow K7005 team, Anne Teirney, Ian, Martin and Joe and too Sean Beattie.
- Betsy Hocker, daughter of Harry McCuskerfor contacting me about her father, glad to be of help.
- R. Byatt at the Local Studies Service, Coventry Library, Ed McKay RAF (Ret), Stephen Fryer RAF Harrowbeer Airfield Group (www.rafharrowbeer.co.uk), The Wharfedale and Coventry Telegraph newspapers and their fabulous readers, R. Buttridge and J. Hartley of Coventry, D. Earl
- Brian Walsh, Dundalk
- Errol Martyn, New Zealand, for all your NZ clarifications!
- Hugh Haliday, Canada, for your ever informative Canadian information and biographies of airmen.
- Wally Fydenchuk, Canada, for Ferry pilot information.
- Dave at the Rootsweb, USAAF Bombardier Website, great help, thanks.
- Jan Hey, Holland, for USAAF burials information, 2007.
- Tina Wikum, Idaho, for contacting me about her uncle Ivan Ervin. Also to all the people around Wasington and idaho I've been mailing.
- James Stewart, for your help on Castle Archdale items.
- Ernie Cromie of the Ulster Aviation Society
- Garth Foote from Canada and his morhter for contacting me about his grandfather Morris D Berry and advising the contents of his log book
- Italo Battioli from Italy for his kind advice about the L-4 Grasshopper.
- Valerie Andres and staff at the Swiss Foreign Affairs Ministry.
- Getchen Jones, daughter of W M Grim, contacted me in October 2007.
- Katie Frazer, daughter of Tom Allitt, October 2007.
- Norman Malayney, for info provided October 2007
- Ronald Larche, nephew of Raymond F Larche.
- Peggy Johnson, of the Californian Lutheran College, many thanks for your help.
- Ron French, relative of L G French,
- Eric Harrison of the 228 Squadron Association, thank you for your details.
- Robert Stitt for assistance 2007.
- Mike Roberts in the Canadian Library and Archives for your superb efforts.
- Anne Holland, daughter of Lyold G French and her son Lloyd for their contact.
- Allan F. Balsdon friend of the L G French family.
- John Kupsick and Christina Gwynn, relatives of Matthew J Bauer and John A Kupsick.
- Fred Rosehill for information about Lewis Milner from Cork.
- Patrick Elie for help with US Troop Carrier Groups.
- Hans Houterman for excellent help with Royal Navy airmen.
- Robert Callahan veteran of the 314th TCG for the wonderful help about 314th TCG airmen of march 1944
- Derek Brock of the Carew Cheriton Museum
- James Stewart for your wonderful help about crews flying from northern Ireland.
- Shirley & Vince Barrett from the Borgue Hotel for your help and interest.
- John Krouskop for contacting me about your uncle George Krouskop (and to the kind people in Kittitas, WA.
- Guy and Greg Tice for contacting me and sharing information about Guys time in Ireland.
- C. Jennings for informatin and help about yoru brother Paul Morey, Liberator AL577.
- G. Hedger for information on A M S Brownlie
- C. Saunders and J. Keppers for details of your fathers Sgt.s Dingee and Ragan, also to Ray Woolsey who flew with them that day.
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- - 12OH - The 12 O'Clock High Message Forum. Please don't register and post here without trying to research your topic before hand!
- - a/c - Shorthand for aircraft
- - AAIU - The Aviation Archaeology Investigation Unit Site by Craig Fuller
- - ABS - Air Britain Serials, references to the Air Britain Publications of RAF Aircraft serials with the pen history of each individual aircraft.
- - AB-IX - The Air Britain Information Exchange, an online forum for members of the Air Britain.
- - ABMC - The American Battle Monuments Commission site.
- - ADF - Aircraft Delivery Flight
- - Afkl (F) - Aufklaerungsstaffel (Fern)--> Long Range Reconnaissance Squadron
- - AGS - Air Gunnery School
- - ANS - Air Navigation School
- - AOS - Air Observers School
- - AWM - The Australian War Museum, Nominal Roll.
- - BADA - Base Air Depot Area
- - B&GS - Bombing & Gunnery School
- - BOAC - British Overseas Airways Corp.
- - BS / BG - Bombardment Squadron / Bombardment Group, USAAF
- - Canadian DHH - The Directorate of History and Heritage, Canada. Many, many thanks to Bill Rawlings over there!
- - CCL - Coastal Command Losses, refering to Ross McNeills excellent Volume, See sources below.
- - COMPATWINGSLANT - Commander Patrol Wings Atlantic
- - CWGC - Commonwealth War Graves Commission website was used as a source.
- - FAW - Fleet Air Wing, US Navy
- - FAA -Fleet Air Arm, The air element of the Royal Navy
- - FC - Ferry Command
- - Feldgrau - The forum on www.feldgrau.com was consulted on occasion.
- - FPP - Ferry Pilot Pool, units of the Air Transport Auxillary (ATA)
- - FS / FG - Fighter Squadron / Fighter Group, USAAF
- - FTU - Ferry Training Unit
- - G in I - Grounded in Ireland, Fabulous book by Ralph Keefer
- - G-INFO - UK Civil Aviation Authority Aircraft registration database online.
- - GNI - Guarding Neutral Ireland, book by Micheal Kennedy, see below.
- - HCU - Heavy Conversion Unit
- - HoHG - Hell on High Ground, books by David W. Earl, Volumes 1 and 2.
- - IMA - Irish Military Archives, A list of the crashes I recieved on my travels via a friend who worked in the Irish Air Corps some years ago. Origin is unknown. Any idea of source is welcome. IMA Bx refers to British aircraft, IMA Ux American, IMA Gx refers to of course German.
- - Kflgp - Kuestenfliegergruppe, Coastal Recon. Wing
- - KG - Kampfgruppe, Bomber Wing
- - KIA - Killed In Action, see notes above on my use of this term.
- - LG - The London Gazette website, for tracking aircrew promotions. Search engine is not all its cracked up to be!
- - MA - Military Archives, the Irish Army Military Archives in Dublin, references list the ref number of the file involved.
- - MAEE - Marine Aircraft Experimental Establishment
- - NARA AAD - The United States National Archives and Records Administration, Access to Archival Databases
- - NJG - Nachtjagdgeschwader, Night-fighter Group
- - OADU - overseas Aircraft Delivery Unit, RAF
- - ORB - Operatons Record Book, RAF Unit/Station Diary
- - OTU / OpTU - Operational Training Unit
- - PolAF - Polish Air Force, personel from the Army In Exile in the UK.
- - (Prov) - Provisonal, A command set up temporarily or for special duties.
- - RAF - Royal Air Force, the British Air force
- - RAAF - Royal Australian Air Force
- - RCAF - Royal Canadian Air Force
- - RNAF - Royal Norwegian Air Force
- - RNZAF - Royal New Zealand Air Force
- - RNZN - Royal New Zealand Navy
- - RLM - Reichsluftfahrtministerium, The German Air Ministry.
- - RUC - Royal Ulster Constabulary
- - Sqn - Squadron
- - TCG - Troop Carrier Group
- - Unit - The unit which operated the aircraft at the time of its landing.
- - USAAF - United States Army Air Force
- - VB - Bomb Squadron, US Navy, performed ocean patrol duties.
- - VDC - Voices of the Donegal Corridor, Book by Joe O'Loughlin.
- - WoI - 'Wings Over Ireland', book by Donal McCarron on the Irish Air Corps.
- - WRGI - Warplane Research Group of Ireland, research group of incidents in southern Ireland.
- - WS - Wetterstaffel, Weather Recon. Squadron
- - WWI - Walking World Ireland, Magazine, see sources.
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- Patrick J Cummins, "Emergency" Air Accidents - South-East Ireland 1940 - 1945, 2003
- Patrick J Cummins, German Bomber Crash 1941, An Cosantoir, July - August 1995
- Patrick J Cummins,'The Ventry Flying Boat', Ireland Eye, Sept. 2005
- Dave Smith, 'Eire - Wartime crashes and Forces landings', FlyPast, Part 1; January 1987 and Part 2; February 1987
- Lorenz, Ketterer & Richardson, Ditching in Dingle Bay, County Kerry, Ireland, An Accounting of the 25th Bomb Group, Date Unknown
- Ross McNeill, Royal Air Force Coastal Command Losses of the Second World War Vol.1, Midland, 2003
- Carl A. Christie, Ocean Bridge, The History of RAF Ferry Command, UTP, 1997
- Donal McCarron, Landfall Ireland, Colourpoint, 2003
- Ralph Keefer, Grounded in Eire: The Story of Two RAF Fliers Interned in Ireland During World War II, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2002 (R. Keefer is the son of a former Internee in Ireland. Excellent read from first impressions.
- Ryle T. Dwyer ,Guests of the State ,Brandon, 1999
- John Evans, 'Help from the Heavens: a History of 228 Squadron', (Paterchurch 1998) (p.18)
- John Quinn, Down in a Free State ,Shanway/Creative , 1999
- David W. Earl, Hell on High Ground - A Guide to Aircraft Hill Crash Sites in the UK and Ireland, Airlife Publishing, 1995.
- David W. Earl, Hell on High Ground - A Guide to Aircraft Hill Crash Sites in the UK and Ireland Volume 2, Airlife Publishing, 199x.
- James J. Halley, Air-Britain - Royal Air Force Aircraft L1000-N9999, AA100 - AZ999, BA100-BZ999, FA100 - FZ999, (Inter-library Loans)
- Tony Kearns Arklow Tomahawk, Flying in Ireland, December 2006.
- A. P. Kearns, Blenheim V Heinkel III, Irish Aviator, Date Unknown
- A. P. Kearns, Irish Skies in World War II, Article Air Spectacular Souvenir Program, June 2000.
- Paul Browne 'Four Star General', Flying In Ireland, May 2006
- Martin Gleeson, 50th Anniversary Commemoration Booklet, Lahinch, Co. Clare, 10th July 1993, WRGI
- Gerard O'Regan, Southern Star, January 31st, 2004.
- McCusker/Robinson, Inspiration - Sanctified by Fire, Robinson Typograhics, California, 1988
- Tony Kearns, Emergency Landings, Aeroplane Monthly, June 1988
- Bob Reid, A Fortress in Cork, Aeroplane Monthly, July 1989
- Bruce Robertson, British Military Aircraft Serials - 1912 - 1969, Ian Allan, 1969
- Daphne Pochin Mould, Tragedy on Knocknapeasta, Walking World Ireland, 2003
- Joe McGowan, Wartime Incidents in North West recalled, Sligo Champion, 25/10/2000
- Dermot McCarthy, Wartime Landing, Irelands Eye, December 2000
- Micheal O'Reilly, RAF B-24 Crash in the Cooley Mountains, Irelands Eye, April 2000
- Military Archives, Cathal Brugha Barracks, Dublin - Crash Files, as noted in Table below (MA File).
- DoRIS, The Royal Air Force Museum - RAF Aircraft records
- Air Force Historical Studies Office (US), Dept. of the Airforce, United States
- Irish Air Corps Crash list, date unknown, quoted as IMA in the list above.
- Rosita Boland, A Secret Map of Ireland, (Page 59), New Island 2005
- Gerard A. Hannigan, World War II plane crashes in Donegal, Donegal Journal No. 43, 1991
- Breege McCusker, Castle Archdale and Fermanagh in World War II.
- Micheal Kennedy, Guarding Neutral Ireland: The Coast Watching Service and Military Intelligence, 1939-1945, Four Courts Press, 2008
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- The Northern Ireland Aviation Archaeology website, a listing of crashes in Northern Ireland during the war, and details of examinations of the crash sites.
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission Website.
- The American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) . Lists al American personnel buried overseas.
- The World War II Memorial website lilsts name of all those killed and also names submitted by the public.
- The London Gazette website, for tracking RAF officer promotions and airmen awards. Also the new BETA site BETA London Gazette.
- Ross McNeill's RAF Commands Forum Site. Please don't post trivia here. And the wonderful and much lamented old forum archives Old Forum
- The Army Air Forces Website and message forum. A prime unofficial means for researching US information.
- The United States National Archives and Records Administration, Access to Archival Databases
- The Air Force Association of Canada Air Force Honours and Awards database
- Web site being built about the K=Lines Internment Camp in the Curragh where surviving airmen were interned. Under Construction.
- The Veterans Association of Canada
- The Denkmal Projekt, Unofficial German War Memorial Website with list of those buried in Glencree Cemetry.
- ACIA, Air Crash Investigation and Archaeology, A group who research and study the remains of aircraft crashes in northern of England and southern Scotland.
- LAIT, Lancashire Aircraft Investigation Team
- The Aviation Archaeology Webpage, Simon Parry's aviation archaeology site.
- TheUlster Aviation Society Homepage
- GPS Walker, Jim Webb's website from Poole in the UK
- The Aviation Archaeological Investigation and Research, (AAIR), source for U.S. military aircraft accident reports and individual aircraft record (history) cards and aviation archaeology information.
- Peak District Air Crashes
- The United States Air Force Historical Studies Office Homepage
- The United States Air Force Historical Research Agency Homepage
- American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC) Homepage
- Aircraft Crash Sites of Scotland by Linzee Druce.
- Wight Air wrecks
- High Ground Wrecks in the UK and Ireland
- James Stewarts Castle Archdale thread on the Whermacht Awards message forum.
- Visit Joe O'Loughlin's Roll of Honour (Coastal Command Losses)
- Visit George Smith's Home Page (Coastal Command Losses)
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Dennis Burke February 2007